Case Studies

Option 1: Expanding Direct Reuse opportunities in Flagstaff (“purple pipe”)

  • Tusayan

Option 2a: Aquifer recharge (via. wetlands, streambed) with advanced treatment

  • None

Option 2b: Aquifer recharge (via. wetlands, streambed) without advanced treatment

  • Tres Rios
  • Town of Gilbert
  • Show Low
  • Tucson Santa Cruz Heritage

Option 3a: Aquifer recharge through a constructed project (groundwater well recharge) with advanced treatment

Option 3b: Aquifer recharge through a constructed project (groundwater well recharge) without advanced treatment

  • City of Surprise
  • Town of Gilbert
  • City of Phoenix
  • Sedona
  • Tucson

Option 4: Surface water augmentation

Option 5: Direct Potable Reuse (DPR) – Advanced Treatment and Purification

  • Wichita Falls, TX (temporary DPR)
  • Big Springs, TX (temporary DPR)
  • Scottsdale Demonstration Project (pilot)